Bamboo Agroforestry

Agroforestry is a land-use systems and technologies where bamboo and other woody perennials are designed into land management of agricultural crops and/or animals. This is arranged to interact with each other to bring benefits to both agriculture and biodiversity.

Through this man made management design to create the diversification in farming systems, it is targeted at mitigating climate change and its disruptive challenges.

Bamboo is a multipurpose plant from the grass family Poaceae, it can substitute for timber in many respects due to its lignified culms, and because of its fast growth, intricate rhizome system, and sustainability, it has become a plant with conservation value, able to mitigate phenomena that result from global climate change.

The programs we have developed over the last three decades are:

 

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Bamboo Propagation

Through selective vegetative propagation with air layering techniques, we have developed regional nurseries in Malaysia to expand our Bamboo4U campaign to allow Malaysian to plant tropical bamboo for carbon sequestration that is also a resource for human food and animal feedstock,

Our nurseries are currently operational in the following States in Malaysia:

  • Kelantan
  • Trengganu
  • Negri Sembilan
  • Sarawak
  • Sabah

Why bamboo?

Bamboo is a multipurpose plant, it can substitute for timber in many respects due to its lignified culms, and because of its fast growth. Bamboo has intricate rhizome system and sustainability, it has become a plant with conservation value, able to mitigate phenomena that result from global climate change, Bamboo is also an essential resource for many other organisms living in our soils. The most common organism is invertebrates, the common earthworms. Earthworms consume the bamboo leaves and convert the organic matter into rich soil nutrients.

Bamboo is an important grass (poaceae) inextricably linked to our human societies, providing the resource for shelter, food, animal feed, paper, composite and much more. The range of its use is hardly rivaled in the plant kingdom. It is regarded as the plant of a thousand uses.

Bamboo are complex plants that can be difficult to identify or classify, but given its ecological and economic importance, correct identification is critical to their conservation and development and a robust phylogenetic classification system underpins identification. At Carbon Xchange, we present a history of bamboo classification, discuss bamboo habitat and silviculture. We also present an up to date classification of bamboo based on synthesis of the most recent systematic work in this fascinating and charismatic group of giant grasses.

Bamboo & Oil Palm Plantation

In 1999, the Forest Research Institute of Malaysia (FRIM) embarked on a large scale outreach program to study tropical bamboo silviculture design within an oil palm plantation. The research project was developed with Golden Hope Plantations in Bradwall Estate, Siliau, Rantau, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia. 

We took the opportunity to study the growth of the bamboo from 1999 to 2011 to gain a better understanding on soil biodiversity. In particular the natural soil-nitrifying bacteria Nitrosomonas.The sustainable development goal of the project was to evaluate on a pathway to design a future generation of oil palm plantation that are grown without synthetic chemical fertilizers. The extensive use of synthetic chemical fertilizers is the main contributor to nitrate leaching into our soil and atmosphere. Creating a negative image for oil palm plantation. The introduction of tropical clumping bamboo and vetiver bamboo grass, as a companion crop was an approach to evaluate the possible long term benefits derived from this symbiotic relationship through the creation of living soils to sustain the production of fresh fruit bunches for oil production.